This Spaniard has become one of the most famous creative people of the last century. His personality is so multifaceted that numerous books, movies and even songs reveal it.
However, his paintings will tell the best about Salvador Dali. Dali's paintings will be of interest to more than one generation.
This man himself has long ceased to be just a representative of the art world, his whole life has become a significant event for the last century. There were many interesting and little-known facts in it, which we will tell you about.
Suicide grandfather. The artist's maternal grandfather, Gal Josep Salvador, committed suicide in 1886. The reason for this was depression and persecution mania, which tormented him for a long time. The Spaniard decided to leave this world in order to annoy all those who follow him. Once Dali's grandfather went out to the balcony of his apartment and from the third floor began to shout that he had been robbed and tried to kill. The police arrived on time and were able to convince the madman not to jump down. However, this postponed the tragedy only for a while. Six days later, Gal Josep Salvador nevertheless jumped upside down from the balcony and died. The Dali family, naturally, tried to hide the suicide of a relative, fearing publicity. In the conclusion about the death, the suicide was not mentioned, but the cause of death was a head injury. But such secrecy made it possible to bury the suicide according to the Catholic rite. For a long time, the grandchildren of Gala Josep did not know the truth about the death of their grandfather, but in the end, what happened became known to them. We can only state that it is now clear where Salvador Dali got his "genes of madness" from.
Addiction to masturbation. Male rivalry manifests itself at times in a primitive comparison of penises. This is especially true for adolescents. At this age, Salvador Dali also participated in similar competitions with classmates. The future genius called his penis at the same time "small, pitiful and soft." But these are not the only sexual adventures of Dali that he experienced in his youth. Once he got hold of a pornographic novel, where the main character boasted that he could make a woman squeak like a watermelon. Young Dali himself was imbued with an artistic image and for a long time later remembered it, lamenting that he could not make the same impression on his mistresses.
In his autobiography The Secret Life of Salvador Dali, the artist frankly writes that for a long time he considered himself impotent. And to overcome this difficult feeling, he, like many of his peers, masturbated. Dali became so addicted to this occupation that for almost his entire life masturbation was the main, and sometimes even the only way to get sexual satisfaction. But at that time it was believed that masturbation can make a person insane, lead to impotence, or give rise to a tendency to homosexual relationships. So the unfortunate Dali, although he was afraid of the grave consequences of his habit, could not help himself.
The association of sex with decay. The genius had many complexes, most of which were formed in childhood. One of them appeared thanks to Dali's father. He, on purpose or not, left a book on the piano with colorful photographs of male and female genitals. But they were all disfigured by gangrene, syphilis and other diseases. Young Salvador Dali studied these curious pictures. However, they fascinated him on the one hand, and terrified him on the other. Because of this, the genius himself for a long time lost interest in intimate relationships with the opposite sex. For Dali, sex has always become associated with rotting, decay and decay.
And this attitude of the artist to the intimate side of relationships significantly influenced his work. In almost every work of Dali, one can find symbols of fear and motives of decay and destruction, usually in the form of ants. For example, in one of the most important paintings for the artist, The Great Masturbator, you can see a human face looking down, from which a woman grows. Dali copied her, most likely, from his muse and wife Gala. Locusts are sitting on her face, which is understandable, given the artist's inexplicable fear of these insects. And ants are crawling along the belly, the already mentioned symbol of decay. At the same time, the woman's mouth is pressed against the groin of the man standing next to him, directly hinting at oral sex. The man's legs are bleeding cuts, which also have a hidden meaning. The fact is that in childhood Dali was panicky afraid of castration, the fear of which was embodied in this symbol.
Evil love. One of Dalí's closest friends in his youth was the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca. They even said that at one time he tried to seduce Dali, but the artist himself denied this in every possible way. The contemporaries of these two great Spaniards believed that for Lorca the love union of his friend with Elena Dyakonova (Gala) was an unpleasant surprise. The poet believed that a brilliant artist can only be happy next to him. Interestingly, despite numerous gossip, it is not known exactly how close the two great Spaniards were. Increasingly, researchers agree that Dali was a virgin at the time of his meeting with Gala. She herself, not only was then married to someone else and had many lovers, she was also ten years older than the artist. But Dali still fell under her charm. Art critic John Richardson recalled that for a modern successful artist, this was the worst version of a wife. She was so disgusting that when I met her I immediately wanted to hate her. And during one of the first meetings with Gala, when asked what a woman would like from Dali, she said that she dreams of dying at the hands of a master. After such an answer from this extraordinary woman, Dali realized that he loved Gala, finally and irrevocably. But the artist's father could not stand his daughter-in-law, believing that she not only uses drugs, but also makes Dali sell them. But the master insisted on preserving his relationship, putting them even above the inheritance of his father. As a result, Dali moved to Paris with his beloved, and before that he shaved his bald head and solemnly buried his hair on the beach.
Genius voyeur. They say that Dali received downright sexual satisfaction from watching other people have sex or masturbation. The Spaniard even spied on his own wife at the time of her taking a bath. He not only confessed to the exciting experience, but even so bluntly called his picture - "Voyeur". The gossips whispered that Dali had an orgy at his home every week. But even if this was so, then he himself most likely did not take part in the action, being an outside spectator. Even for the depraved bohemia, Dali's antics came as a shock. Thus, art critic Brian Sewell, describing his acquaintance with the artist, said that he asked him to take off his pants and masturbate. At the same time, the guest was invited to lie in the fetal position under the statue of Jesus Christ in the Dali garden. Shocked Sewell said that with such requests, Dali often turned to his guests. In her memoirs, the singer Cher told about her visit to the artist with her husband Sonny. He looked as if he had recently participated in an orgy. And when the singer began to twirl an interesting and colored rubber rod in her hands, Dali confided in her that it was a vibrator.
George Orwell's opinion. Dali's work left few people indifferent. In 1944, the famous English writer dedicated to the artist even a whole essay entitled "The Privilege of Spiritual Shepherds: Notes on Salvador Dali." In this work, the author directly called the painter sick, and his paintings disgusting. Orwell believed that thanks to Dali's unconditional talents, many consider him to be an impeccable and perfect person. Here are the literal words of the Englishman: “Come back to Shakespeare's land tomorrow and find out that his favorite pastime in his free time is to rape little girls in railway cars, we should not tell him to continue like this just because he is able to write more one "King Lear".
You need the ability to keep both facts in your head at the same time: the one that Dali is a good draftsman, and the one that he is a disgusting person. Orwell noted that the artist's pronounced craving for necrophilia and coprophagia (eating excrement) is noticeable in the paintings. One of Dali's most famous works, The Dark Game, from 1929, depicts a man smeared with feces at the bottom of the canvas. It should be noted that similar images were also found in Dali's later canvases.
In his work, Orwell came to the conclusion that society does not need people like Dali. If such artists are popular, then this directly speaks of the illness of the society itself. But by doing so, the writer himself simply admitted his baseless idealism. It is obvious that human society will never be perfect, and Dali's vivid paintings only prove this.
The novel "Hidden Faces". Few know that Dali was also a writer. The Spaniard wrote his only novel in 1943, when he was in America with his wife. Dali himself called his work "an epitaph of pre-war Europe", it contains a description of the antics that eccentric aristocrats allowed themselves in the blood-drenched and burning Old World. And if Dali's autobiography is like a fantasy, which he himself skillfully disguised as truth, then Hidden Faces is a truth pretending to be fiction. There is an interesting episode in this book. Adolf Hitler, victorious in World War II, sits at his Eagle's Nest residence. He tries to brighten up his loneliness with priceless masterpieces of art spread around him, Wagner's music plays, and the leader himself utters meaningless speeches about Jews and Jesus Christ. In general, the reviews of critics about this literary work were favorable. True, the columnist for "The Times" criticized the novel's too whimsical style, an excessive number of adjectives and an inconsistent plot. But a critic from The Spectator magazine called Dali's literary experience a real psychological mess, but nevertheless attractive.
Genius and beatings. In 1980, the elderly master was already paralyzed. For Dali, this was a turning point - his hands could no longer hold his brushes, and he stopped painting. The inability to express oneself became a real torture for the genius. He had been very nervous before, but now he began to break down for no reason at all. And Gala's behavior infuriated Dali. The wife sold the paintings of her brilliant husband with might and main, generously spending the proceeds on her fans and lovers. She even simply gave away the paintings, and sometimes disappeared from the house for several days.
Furious, Dali even began to beat his beloved, so much so that he broke two of her ribs. Wanting to calm her tempestuous husband, Gala began giving him Valium and other sedatives. Once she fed him with so many stimulants that it finally destroyed the already shaky psyche of the genius. Dali's friends were forced to organize a "Rescue Committee" and put him in a clinic. By that time, the artist had little resemblance to his former self - he was a thin and shaking old man who was constantly afraid that Gala would leave him. Dali even had a very clear object of hatred. Geoffrey Fenholt became another toy boy for Gala, starring on Broadway in the production of the rock opera Jesus Christ Superstar.
A corpse in the back seat of a car. On June 10, 1982, Gala Dali really left her husband, but not for the sake of another man. The 87-year-old muse of the artist died in Barcelona. The genius himself was going to bury his beloved in his Catalan castle of Pubol, which corresponded to the will of the deceased. However, for this it was necessary to quietly remove the body from the hospital, without undue attention from the public and the press, and avoiding the paperwork. The artist chose an original, witty, but also eerie solution. He ordered to dress the dead woman and put her in the back seat of the car. Next to Gala was a nurse who supported the body.
The deceased was taken to the castle, where she was rubbed with balms and dressed in her favorite red dress from "Dior". The body was then buried in the local crypt. The inconsolable artist himself spent several nights, kneeling in front of the grave of his beloved. The relationship between Dali and Gala was very difficult, but he could not imagine how he would live without her. The master stayed to live in the castle, sobbing for hours and talking about the animals he saw - he began hallucinations.
Crazy disabled person. It took only two years after Gala's death, when Dali, who had calmed down a little, experienced shock again. On August 30, 1984, the bed of an 80-year-old man caught fire. The fault in the fire was a short circuit in the wiring of the lock. But the failure of technology is also a merit of Dali himself, who constantly pressed the button attached to his pajamas to call the servant. A nurse who came running found the artist lying in a state of prostration at the door. She immediately began to give him mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration, although he fought back in every possible way and dirtyly insulted the assistant. And although the genius survived, he still received second-degree burns.
After that incident, Dali became even more unbearable, although even before that he did not differ in his easy disposition. Journalists wrote that he turned into a "disabled person from hell." Dali began to stain his bedding on purpose, scratch the nurses, refuse to eat and take medicine. And after his recovery, the artist moved to the town of Figueres, which was nearby. There was the Dali Theater-Museum. It was in this city that the great master died on January 23, 1989. Once he said that he hoped to be resurrected. For this, Dali asked to freeze his body after death. But his will was ignored - the embalmed remains were walled up in one of the rooms of the theater-museum, where they are kept to this day.