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Smallest countries

Smallest countries

People form states even on tiny pieces of land. Even Singapore was not included in this list, since with its area of ​​637 km² it is a giant relative to these babies.

Vatican (0.44 km²). I must say that this state is certainly the most influential among all the kids. The Vatican is an independent territory of the Holy See of the Catholic Church. But this religion unites about a billion followers around the globe. The size of the country is comparable to a golf course, and it is located in the territory of Rome. The form of government here is an absolute monarchy headed by the Pope. The population of the Vatican is 830 people, the inhabitants of the country are the clergy of the Catholic Church with a special passport. The state is guarded by its own army, the oldest in the world. The Swiss Guard was formed back in 1506 by merchants. It traditionally serves about a hundred single Swiss citizens. The official languages ​​of the Vatican are Latin and Italian. The economy of the state is unique - it is the only non-commercial and planned economy in the world. The budget of the Vatican is about $ 310 million, the money comes to the country mainly through donations from Catholics from around the world. Tourism brings impressive funds. But the Vatican does not collect taxes from its spiritual citizens at all.

Monaco (2.02 km²). Due to its size, this country can be considered the most populous on the planet. There are about 17,800 inhabitants per square kilometer. The principality gained independence in 1297, since then the Grimaldi dynasty has ruled here, whose roots lie in Genoa. Although the head of state is the prince, he shares government with the National Council. Interestingly, the country has 5 times more visitors than the indigenous people. The fact is that for a long time there was no income tax in Monaco. That is why the richest businessmen came to live in the state. When France revealed its dissatisfaction with such a movement of its entrepreneurs with their funds to a neighboring country, a profit tax was introduced. True, only for non-indigenous people. Monaco has unique demographic and social indicators - the average life expectancy here is 80 years, and the literacy of the population is 99%. The number of jobs in the country exceeds the number of residents. There is also an army in Monaco, its number is 82 people. It is the only country in the world that has a military band with more regular units - it has 85 members.

Nauru (21 km²). This island state is the smallest in the middle of the ocean. This is the only republic in the world that does not have its own capital, and there is no capital here either. And 13 thousand people live on the island. In the 1970s, Nauru unexpectedly became one of the most advanced on the planet in terms of per capita income. Phosphates found on the island brought in 13 thousand dollars a year for each inhabitant. The authorities were able to find jobs for all citizens, introduce free education and medicine. True, the islanders did not appreciate the benefits - only a third of the children went to school. When the phosphate reserves ran out, it turned out that the government did not care about the future. The island has become a wasteland with depleted land and mined mines. In addition to debt, Nauru also faced a social problem. The majority of the country's inhabitants (90%) are obese. Has led to this slow lifestyle, excessive consumption of alcohol and fatty foods. The island also has the highest rate of diabetes, affecting 40% of the country's population.

Tuvalu (26 km²). This state is located on 5 atolls and 4 islands of the archipelago of the same name in the Pacific Ocean. 10.5 thousand people live in the country. Taking into account the rate of rise of the waters of the World Ocean, in 50 years the island country may be completely submerged. However, even now Tuvalu has a lot of problems - lack of drinking water, erosion of the banks, and population growth. The official head of state is the British monarch, but formally Tuvalu is ruled by a prime minister. There are no political parties in the country, like the army, but the police are there. Tuvalu became one of the few states that recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The country's economy is based on agriculture. Tuvalu itself, due to poverty, belongs to the countries of the fourth world.

San Marino (61 km²). This country is located on the slope of Mount Titan, in the very center of Italy. The population of San Marino is 28 thousand people, the state language, which is not surprising, is Italian. The inhabitants of this country are proud of the fact that it is one of the oldest in Europe. According to legend, San Marino was founded in 301 by the stonecutter Marino, who was hiding here from the Roman emperor Diocletian. A Christian community was formed here, which received land as a gift from the previous owner. The area was originally named “Land of Saint Marino”, that is, San Marino. Due to its poverty and inconvenient location, the state was able to maintain its de facto sovereignty. Since 1600, the constitution has been in effect here. San Marino is a republic governed by a Grand General Council and two regent captains appointed by it. In the middle of the last century, San Marino was one of the smallest countries in Europe. But since then, the situation has improved, including thanks to tourism. The country produces and exports paints, wine, ceramics, building stone and chemical products. Agriculture is well developed here. In terms of GDP per capita, San Marino is one of the ten most developed countries in the world.

Liechtenstein (160 km²). This small state, with a population of 36 thousand, is located in the Alps, between Austria and Switzerland. The name of the country comes from the Liechtenstein dynasty ruling here. The feudal fragmentation of Germany helped to give birth to a small principality in 1719. The capital is the city of Vaduz with a population of 5 thousand people. Today, in addition to the indigenous Alemans, the country is mainly populated by Germans, Austrians and Swiss. A third of residents are generally foreigners. And the state language is German. The principality is a fairly developed state with developed financial services and a high standard of living. The state exports microchips, dental instruments, food, and even postage stamps. Much attention in the country is paid to culture, which was influenced by neighbors. There are museums and music organizations here.

Marshall Islands (180 km²). This state is located on an archipelago of 29 atolls and 5 islands in the Pacific Ocean. The population of the country is 56 thousand people, and the official language is English. The archipelago was explored in 1788 by the English captain John Marshall, who transported prisoners to Australia. It was in honor of the island that they were named. The country gained independence in 1986, although formally this republic is still under the jurisdiction of Great Britain. The economy is in many ways similar to other countries in Oceania - dependence on US and Asian aid, a shortage of specialists, remoteness from sales markets. The main sectors of the economy in the country are the service sector and agriculture. The country exports phosphates, fish, copra. Tourism has been actively developing recently. Low taxes have also made the state a popular offshore company.

Saint Kitts and Nevis (261 km²). This two-island state is located in the eastern part of the Caribbean. About 50 thousand people live here, the state language is English. Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest state in the entire Western Hemisphere, both in area and in number. The islands gained independence in 1983. The country's economy is based on agriculture and tourism. Sugarcane, cotton, palm trees and pineapples are grown here. The country exports sugar, shellfish, consumer goods, and electronics. There are two airports on the islands at once. Due to the fact that the country has free and compulsory primary education, literacy reaches 97%.

Maldives (298 km²). This state is located in South Asia on a group of 20 atolls. The population of the republic is 395 thousand people. There is only one city and port, it is also the capital of Male. The country gained independence from Britain in 1965. It is governed by the President and Parliament. The official language in the Maldives is Dhivehi. The economy is based on tourist services (which brings 28% of GDP) and fishing (70% of all exports). But agriculture is poorly developed, most food products are exported. Residents of the Maldives for the most part profess Islam, while Christianity is oppressed.

Grenada (340 km²). This island nation is located in the southeast of the Caribbean. It is based on the island of Grenada and the southern part of the Lesser Antilles group. These lands were discovered by Christopher Columbus during his third voyage to America. The owners of the island were the French and the British, until Grenada gained independence in 1974, remaining in the British Commonwealth. The population of the country is about 108 thousand people. The economy is based on tourism, Grenada is also known as a large offshore. There is no army as such in the country, England took responsibility for the defense of the state. But there is the police and the coast guard.

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