Today fountains adorn our cities. We will tell below about the most unusual fountains in the world.
The Unisphere. This facility is located in Meadows-Corona Park in Queens, New York. Outwardly, the fountain resembles a huge globe. A building appeared on this site in 1964-1965. The construction was sponsored by the steel corporation. The building was eventually donated to the townspeople. The opening of the fountain was timed to coincide with the World Fair, the motto of which was the phrase "Peace through understanding". This structure was intended to tell everyone about the relationship of things on Earth. Unisphere is made of stainless steel. The monument rises 50 meters, while the diameter of the ball itself is 37 meters. The entire fountain weighs 408 tons. It became the largest in the world, and is also the largest globe. The ball is located in the center of the pool and is surrounded by fountains. Jets of water beat towards the base of the globe, hiding its base. This creates the illusion that the ball is hanging in the air. The globe is surrounded by three orbits, which show the path of the three greatest contributions to space exploration. As night falls, the fountain begins to light up. At the same time, on the ball itself, the capitals of states light up with lights.
Fuentes de Montjuic. This fountain is located in Barcelona, at the foot of Montjuic. It was built in 1929, and the opening was also timed to coincide with the exhibition. This time Fair and Universal was held in the city. Every second the fountain shoots up 3620 jets of variable shape. It takes 2,600 liters of water to create them. Thus, the number of variations in the appearance of the fountain can reach 7 billion. This structure is also singing. The water seems to dance to the music, creating a magic show. Enchanting sounds, light and streams of streams are closely intertwined in it. The fountain explodes in a bunch of spray, giving unique pictures. Water shows start here at nightfall. The air is filled with the sounds of classical music. She is able to convey all the power of water dances and their sensuality. With the first sounds of music, the fountain comes to life and begins to move, responding to all the melodic transitions. The backlight changes every second, while the colors do not stand still. The fountain offers to listen to two music sessions of 20 minutes each. The Musical Fountain in Barcelona often performs classics, works of Bach, Tchaikovsky and Beethoven in special honor. But you can also hear here motives from classic films like "The Godfather", as well as fiery Spanish zarzuela. And the musical accompaniment at the fountain appeared only in 1992, exactly for the Olympic Games.
Valencourt fountain. This fountain was opened in San Francisco in 1971. It is a concrete pipe structure. The total length of the fountain is 61 meters, width 42 meters, and height 11 meters. The construction turned out to be very contradictory. Armand Vaillancourt's work took place in the Justin Herman Plaza, in the city's business district. It is believed that the architect dedicated the fountain to human freedom in general and the freedom of Quebec in particular. It is no coincidence that the inscription "Québec libre" was inscribed on the building when it was opened. Valencourt himself is a native of Quebec and is fighting for the independence of his province from Canada. Big red letters were written the night before the opening. However, the city authorities did not understand such a gesture and eventually erased the inscription. But the persistent Canadian repeated his trick several times. Another scandal was associated with the performance near the fountain by the group U-2. Then Bono wrote on the monument "Rock and Roll! Stop the movement." As a result, a crowd of 20,000 listeners blocked transport in the neighboring streets. The city authorities considered this act outrageous, and even wanted to put the singer in prison. Perhaps such an atmosphere around the fountain led to the fact that the city eventually refused to maintain it. After all, to pump 100 thousand liters of water through pipes, it was necessary to spend 250 thousand dollars annually. The fountain itself has always been considered a tasteless heap of concrete, obscene and annoying. Today it was chosen by concrete, which did not add to the love of the townspeople to this structure. Nevertheless, Valencourt said that he would fight for the fate of his creation.
Fountain at Xi'an Pagoda. This singing fountain is the largest in Asia. The Chinese city of Xi'an itself is quite ancient, it is more than 3 thousand years old. For a long time it was the capital of China. It is no coincidence that Xi'an is called an open-air museum. Here, near the pagodas of wild geese, which are already 1500 years old, is the very famous fountain. It covers an area of 16.8 hectares. The fountain consists of jets that dance to the sound of music, shimmering with rays of light. An unforgettable evening show is available to Buddhist pilgrims and casual visitors alike. The show starts at 20:30 and lasts about 20 minutes.
Fountain of King Fahd. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has a giant fountain that is simply breathtaking. It is located right in the Red Sea. The fountain was presented to the city by the King of Saudi Arabia Fahd bin Abdul Aziz. It happened in 1985. The fountain shoots water to a height of 260 meters, and in good weather the spray reaches 312 meters. But this is even higher than the Eiffel Tower. At the same time, the flight speed of the drops reaches 375 kilometers per hour. The design of the fountain is not simple, because it works on sea water. Fresh water is needed to cool the electric motors of the pumps and to condition the air of the pressure station. The service unit itself is located at a depth of 20-30 meters underground. This station is about the size of a four-story building. About 7 thousand tons of concrete were spent just to build it. The powerful station lifts up about 19 tons of water. At the same time, 500 powerful searchlights were installed on 5 artificial islands to illuminate the fountain. Every year the fountain undergoes preventive maintenance for three weeks. If the north wind, usual for these places, is replaced by a strong south one, then the fountain is also turned off. This is done to prevent sea water from entering the garden of the Salam Palace.
Fountains "Burj Al Arab". In the East, they love to create the largest, highest and most expensive things. This was manifested by the construction of an elite seven-star hotel "Parus" in Dubai. Its amazing interior design amazes even wealthy people who can shell out about one and a half thousand dollars per night in a hotel. Even getting to the hotel is quite difficult - there is a checkpoint here. Tourists must pay either $ 25 for a tour, or pre-book a table in a restaurant. In the evenings, guests arriving at the hotel by car are greeted by a volcano-fountain of fire and water. This musical structure is modeled after the one in front of the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas. However, the authors of the Arabian fountain made it a quarter larger than the original. The maximum jet height is 150 meters, which is more than a 50-storey building. The total length of the fountain is 275 meters. This game of water is illuminated by 6600 lamps and 25 powerful projectors. As a result, water and light create thousands of unique compositions. Classic and popular melodies are played here. The construction of such a miracle cost 218 million euros. Another fountain, much more modest in size, is located at the staircase of the hotel lobby. There, from time to time, short streams of water shoot out, and this action is much more sophisticated than in the jet fountains at Disneyland.
Olafur Eliason waterfalls. Unfortunately, these fountains no longer exist in New York. After all, the installation time expired in October 2008. The construction of four unusual structures was carried out in the strictest confidence, and they were launched on the same day. Two fountains are located near the piers of Manhattan, one near the piers of the Brooklyn Bridge, and the last in the harbor of New York. Outwardly, these structures resembled ordinary scaffolding. Water was pumped there, and from above it fell freely and noisily down. Such a global installation cost $ 15.5 million. Nevertheless, there were quite a few people wishing to see this creation by the Dane Olafur Eliason. The fountains were seen by about 1.4 million tourists, who brought in 69 million dollars. But you could see these creations of contemporary art for free. Especially for these purposes, the Public Art Fund hired a boat. Today the waterfalls have already been disassembled into their component parts. But Olafur hopes that they will still be useful for new installations.
Buckingham Fountain. The fountain with this name is not located in England at all, but in Chicago, USA. You can find it in the City Park, opposite the Institute of Arts. The fountain is one of the largest in the world. It is rightfully considered the entrance gate of Chicago. And the fountain was built in 1927 by architect Edward Bennett with money from Keith Buckingham. The construction was supposed to perpetuate the memory of the patron's brother. The entire construction cost 750 thousand dollars. The fountain was based on the architecture of the Lanton fountain in Versailles. Only in this case, the dimensions were significantly increased. The diameter of the main pool is 84 meters. In its center there is a three-level composition with a height of 7.5 meters. The fountain itself is made of pink marble and looks like a large wedding cake. The composition of the structure symbolizes Lake Michigan itself, and the four groups of horses are the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan and Indiana. It works from April 1 to November 1. Every hour from 10 to 22 hours for 20 minutes 134 jets of water take off into the air to a height of about 40 meters. In the evenings, the fountain is illuminated by a computer program, while the entire show is accompanied by music. In total, 5.7 million liters of water rotate in the fountain.
Fountain "Water Forest". It is said that there are only three museums in the world that display only art glass. One of them appeared in 2002 in Tacoma, Washington. After all, this is where Dale Chihuly creates his works. This master creates real monuments from glass, and his fame goes all over the world. The museum has not yet been completed, but it amazes guests with its external and internal appearance. There are also water sculptures. One of them is the indoor water forest fountain. It was installed back in 2002. However, the fountain soon had to be closed. After all, a certain teenager pierced one of twenty trees with water. It took seven years of restoration work and over 200 thousand dollars to restore the unique fountain. Now, in its design, fragile glass has been replaced with much stronger acrylic. The water forest is especially impressive at night, when it is illuminated by fiber-optic green.
Fountain at Castle Square in Swansea. There is a fountain in Wales, which is also called bloody. The thing is that there is one long tradition associated with it. Every year on March 1, St. David of Wales, the patron saint of Wales, is celebrated here. Among the long-standing traditions is the color of the fountain waters in red. In close-up, the fountain is indeed bloody. But on closer inspection, it's not all that bad.
Fountain "Moonlight Rainbow". After the renovation of the Banpo Bridge in Seoul in 2008, it has become a new landmark in the city. 10 thousand nozzles are installed on both sides of it. They shoot 190 tons of water per minute at a distance of 20 meters. Long streams in the dark are illuminated, as a result, the bridge turns into a colorful babbling creature. Banpo stretches for 1,140 meters, making the fountain the longest in the world. The jet describes curly paths in time with the music, which is controlled by a special program. At night, the water is illuminated by lamps, which, moreover, can change their color. And the fountain works only on weekends, four times a day for 15 minutes. But from 19:30 to 21:00 a real music show takes place here. The Moonlight Rainbow Fountain was able to bring a little romance to Seoul, already built up with business skyscrapers.
Fountain clock at Kanazawa station. The city of Kanazawa is located in Japan. Its population is about half a million. You can get here by getting off at the railway station with the same name. It itself was opened back in 1898. In 2005, the station underwent a seven-year renovation. It cost $ 180 million and completely transformed. An unusual fountain appeared in front of the gates of the station building, which serves as a clock. It has a dial similar to that found in conventional electronic devices. But the pixels here are streams of water of different heights. Interestingly, the fountain is computer controlled. Thus, the clock can show not only the time, but also the date or some kind of message. It can be a greeting or a station name. So the fountain acts as a beautiful and unusual water display.
Fountains in the Tivoli Garden. Few tourists get to this fabulous Italian garden, and this monument is protected by UNESCO itself. Here, in a small area, about 500 amazing fountains are collected. They were built in the 16th century and at that time they were considered a masterpiece of hydraulic engineering. These structures have amazing names - "dragon fountain", "organ fountain" (water from it makes the pipes of a musical instrument vibrate). And the "boiling staircase" was created thanks to 42 water cannons at once. The pinnacle of Italian fine art is the dell'Ovato fountain. People can walk behind the semicircular wall of water and from there admire the marble garden decorations and the green arcade. There is the Road of a hundred fountains. Each of them corresponded to a relief from Ovid's poem "Metamorphoses". The Fountain of Rometta symbolically depicts the seven Roman hills, as well as the Colosseum and the Pantheon. The water for the complex was originally taken from the Aniene River, it came here through a special tunnel.
Trevi Fountain. Rome is generally famous for its fountains, but Trevi is the largest of all. Its height is 26 meters, and its width is 20 meters. Walking around the capital of Italy, you should definitely try to find this pearl in the labyrinth of narrow streets. The fountain was built in 1732-1736, the architect was Nicola Salvi. The building adjoins the façade of Palazzo Poli, making up a single whole with it. Thanks to the huge palace, the fountain seems much grander. Neptune rides out of the niche of the palace in the very center of the composition in his chariot. It is presented in the form of a shell pulled by newts and seahorses. Allegorical figures are installed in the niches on the sides of the lord of the seas. The graceful fountain is made in the Baroque style. It is emphasized by the sophistication and natural artistry of the water. In doing so, Trevi managed to become more than just pieces of marble stuck to the palace. Here the architects were able to create a unique play of light and shadow, creating a harmonious work of art. There is a belief that one has to throw a coin into the fountain to return to Rome. Two coins mean a new love, and three - an upcoming wedding. As a result, the utilities pull out of Trevi little things worth 700 thousand euros in just a year. Naturally, the legendary fountain has appeared in films several times. So, Trevi can be seen in "Roman Holiday" and in "La Dolce Vita".
Crown Fountain. In addition to the Buckingham Fountain, there is another similar attraction in Chicago. An unusual spitting fountain was built in Millennium Park in 2004. It represents two glass towers facing each other. They are filled with LEDs, which makes it possible to show the faces of city dwellers on the surface. From time to time, one of them suddenly folds his lips with a tube and spits out portions of water at the gaping spectators. The fountain is 15 meters high, and the project cost was about $ 17 million. At first, Chicago was rather skeptical about such a project.The townspeople felt that this installation would destroy the usual look of the park. But over time, the fountain fell in love. Children especially like him. After all, in hot summer it is so pleasant to take a refreshing shower.